Name of artefact
Triclinium de las 7 fuentes (Els Munts)
The big triclinium in the villa of Els Munts had a mosaic-paved floor in a pattern U that indicates the position of the lecti. In its central area, there were seven sources, Berges (1969-70, 141) described as follows:"Mosaics of the three remaining, fairly well preserved, the largest of which corresponds to a rich room, an oecus possibly, reception room or dining room as well as marble plating its walls were seven fountains or pumps that we have only found the mark in the mortar of their dual lead pipe, then stolen, and startups octagonal fountains, lined with marble slabs. The mosaic of this room, polychrome in a sector and black and white in another part of it, has the main decorative theme schematic representation of the Labyrinth, very usual in the Roman musivaria". Navarro (1980, 2005) describes the mosaic:"Much of the land is scorched and blackened by fire, there are large gaps apart especially visible in the entrance area and in places where there were seven sources.
Country: Spain
Region: Cataluña
District: Tarragona
Municipality: Tarragona
Century: 2,3,4
Age: Romana
Typology of artefact: fontain
Related items: Ninfeo
Category of use: playful use
Technical function: distribution
Relationship with other artefacts and elements related to water:
Cisterna criptopórtico decoración Okeanos (?)
Hydrological and morphological aspects:
El agua se canalizaba des de alguna de las cisternas y llegaba hasta el salón para alimentas las fuentes
Landscape aspects:
Zona ligeramente elevada, muy cercana a la costa.
Architecture: Construcción en marmol, seguramente eran labra, tan tipicos en las villas romanas, pero con una imagen reforzada gràcias al mosaico.
Materials used: Placas de marmol, labra de marmol o piedra (?), tuberias de plomo
Building Technique: Construcción de la sala en opus caementicium con revestimiento de estuco pintado, suelo en opus tessellatum
Transformations: No se observan
Present state: inactive
Ownership: yes
Ties: yes
Accessibility: yes
Usability: yes
State of preservation: poor
Virtual Tours of the water artefacts:
Domestic use (Domestico)
Playful use (Ludico)
Documentation (photo, iconography, cartography, functional diagram of the artefact etc.):
Berges Soriano, M.,1977; Nuevo informe sobre Els Munts. A, Estudis altafullencs. Altafulla. Núm.1, 27-47 Navarro, R., 1980; Los Mosaicos romanos de Tarragona. Barcelona (Tesi doctoral) Remolà, J. A., 2000; Mitra en la villa romana del Munts (ager Tarraconensis), Madrider Mitteilungen 41, 2000, 380-394 Sánchez Real, J., 1971; Los restos romanos de “Els Munts” Altafulla. Institut d’Estudis Tarraconenses Ramon Berenguer IV. Tarragona. Sánchez Real, J.,1949; Importantes hallazgos arqueológicos entre Altafulla y Torredembarra, a Diario Español, 7-junio-1949. Tarrats, F., et al; 1998; Tarrats, F.; Macias, J. M.; Ramón, E.; Remolà, J. A., Excavacions a l’àrea residencial de la vil•la romana dels Munts (Altafulla, Tarragonès). Empúries 51, 1998, 197-225. Tarrats, F.; Macias, J. M.; Ramón, E.; Remolà, J. A., 2000; “Nuevas excavaciones en el área residencial de la villa romana de ‘Els Munts’ (Altafulla, Ager Tarraconensis), estudio preliminar”. Madrider Mitteilungen 41, 358-379. Tarrats, Ramón , Macias ,1996-1997; Noves intervencions a la vil•la romana dels Munts (Altafulla, Tarragonès), a Tribuna d’Arqueologia 1996-1997, 35-56. Tarrats, Remolà, Sánchez, 2008; La vil•la romana dels Munts (Altafulla, Tarragonès) i Tarraco, a Tribuna d'arqueologia, 2008, 213-228.
www.tarraconensis.com www.remola.com www.mnat.es
Name: Ana
Surname: Costa Solé
Institution affiliation: Laboratori d'Arqueologia i Prehistòria (UdG)